Page 24

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The 27 pages in this Symbol section are below

Trees H - J
By CinnamonMoon

© Jan Harper-Whale 2000

Hawthorn Tree
*Nature-Speak/Ted Andrews

Keynote: Patience brings creative success and fertility. The hawthorn trees and shrubs have a scaly bark and usually thorns. They bear a berry or nutlet. The berry has been used as a cardiac tonic, helping with blood pressure and even strengthening other aspects of the heart. The thorn apple variety often plays host to a wide variety of birds -- from sparrows to doves to warblers and finches. Beneath its branches, grow wonderful and dainty wildflowers, often considered the personal gardens of the hawthorn faeries. Hawthorn translates as "garden thorn." It is known as the May Tree in Europe, and it was an important part of most European May Day celebrations with ties to the fertility rites of Beltane. It is a tree symbolic of the energies of fertility and creativity. The hawthorn's essence will stimulate and manifest opportunities for growth on all levels within the individual's life. It is a tree sacred to the fairies. The hawthorn has long been considered an elf tree, and cutting one will bring misfortune from the elves that lived within it -- especially if it is blooming. On the other hand, hanging a branch of it on the high point of a structure would prevent harm through lightning. The hawthorn staff helps manifest opportunities for cleansing and the development of chastity that strengthens the individual's inherent energies and allows them to draw upon greater reserves. It provides protection against the inner magical
realms, but the individual will have to learn not to act too hastily or the new doors will not be opened (and life may bring a thorn prick to remind you). This is a tree of special magic. Those of the Faerie Realm living near it hold the knowledge of its magic. Its message is a reminder of our own fertility. And it often speaks many opportunities for new expressions of creativity and fertility that are available if we pursue them in the appropriate manner.

*The Language of Dreams/Patricia Telesco
If the hawthorn appears in bloom, this represents happiness. In Europe this tree has somewhat divergent meanings, being both chastity and fertility. For the purpose of dream interpretation, this might mean maintaining your devotion to someone or something for a productive outcome. Along with the oak and ash, this is a sacred fairy tree, and may represent a subconscious connection to Devic realms and messages.

*On Dreams/Mary Summer Rain
Hawthorn exemplifies unrecognized benefits.

*Encyclopedia of Signs, Omens, and Superstitions/Zolar
Since the Roman occupation of Britain, various virtues have been attributed to the hawthorn. In Ireland and Scotland the rowan or mountain ash was thought a natural deterrent against witches and fairies; in England and France, the hawthorn assumed this same role. To the ancient Greeks, the hawthorn was a symbol of betrothal; hence, its boughs in bloom were often carried by attendants at weddings. In some places, even today, modern Greek brides will wear hawthorn wreaths. In various May Day festivities, hawthorn trees were often cut down and set before houses. Since May Day was considered one of the best moments for engagements, it is not surprising that the hawthorn is often used on this day. In the south, young girls carry out a tradition in which they bring branches of the hawthorn home and remain silent in the belief that to utter a word will mean that they will not marry during the coming year.

The following is a sampling of the many superstitions and traditions that involve the hawthorn: Anyone who cuts the hawthorn on May day will be protected only by having a Bible close by, offering a prayer, or by asking permission of the fairies. One should not bring hawthorn flowers into the house, or death will follow. Witches gave hawthorn to their husbands as part of a sleeping potion on those nights when they wished to attend a meeting of the coven. In Ireland, a single hawthorn is often planted above holy wells at which offerings are left to ensure recovery from illness or fulfillment of wishes. In France, a sprig of the hawthorn tree is worn in the caps of Norman peasants in remembrance of the crown of thorns worn by Christ.

Yet another tradition surrounding the "crown of thorns" is the "Glastonbury thorn," which flowers in late December, as well as in May. tradition held that its Christmas flowering occurred because it had been the "crown of thorns." Still another legend held that Joseph of Arimathea thrust his magic hawthorn staff into the ground when he reached Glastonbury.

In Herefordshire, a traditional farmers' custom was to make a hawthorn globe, which was hung on New Year's Day and replaced each year before dawn by a new one. While women made a new one, men took the old globe to the fields, carrying it aflame or burning it as a bonfire. In so doing, they believed it would drive away the Devil, especially in the form of wheat smut disease. The hawthorn is thought to be a protective plant. It is often offered to newlywed couples and is placed near the cradle of newborns. Witches are said to get caught on it and to be torn by its points. When in bloom, it is believed that no lightning will strike its growing place, and hawthorn is also believed to cure fevers. Should one place a hawthorn branch in front of a cavalry, good luck in gambling is assured. According to the Irish, if you cut down a hawthorn tree, you are risking great danger to yourself. Hawthorn boughs fastened on May Day against the walls and windows of houses, and especially the barn, are said to cause cows to produce a great deal of milk during the summer. Generally held is the belief branches of hawthorns on doors and windows will keep out witches.

Hazel Tree
*Nature-Speak/Ted Andrews

Keynote: Time for transformation; act on inspiration. The hazel tree bears sweet flavored nuts or filberts on an easily maintained tree. It is often used for erosion control and for medicinal purposes. Of course, all nut trees reflect something about fertility and the fruit of our life -- or lack of it. All fruit and nuts associated with trees are symbols of hidden wisdom, and this tree and its energies can bring out the opportunity to acquire and express hidden wisdom in a unique manner. It is a tree whose name is also a common name used in society by peole. It comes from the "hazel nut tree" and indicates the quality of "quiet spirit." This is a very magical tree. In the Celtic tradition, it was associated with sacred wells, springs and the salmon, which should be studied also by anyone for whom the hazel tree is a messenger. In an Irish legend, the salmon ate the nuts as it swam by a hazel tree next to the shore and it became transformed with wisdom. Salmon is an animal that transforms itself, and this is one of the messages of the hazel tree. It is time to transform ourselves. Hazel twigs and even the staffs were often used as powerful dowsing instruments, being very sensitive to the electrical-magnetic fields of the earth and individuals. Hazel tree staffs and wands help us awaken the inner intuition and insight, and it is a powerful tree for stimulating artistic and poetic skills. It is often associated with "skaldcraft" of Teutonic lore. The hazel tree encourages us to pursue meditation to develop a greater concentration of innate talents. It alerts us to act upon our inspirations if we wish to transform our life or some part of it.

*Encyclopedia of Signs, Omens, and Superstitions/Zolar
In Wales, if you make a cap of hazel leaves and twigs and wear it, anything you wish for will come about. From ancient times, hazel was one of the main plants used for the manufacture of wands and royal scepters. References to its use in this way are found in Hebrew, Greek, Roman, and Nordic mythology and in that of other cultures. To the Scandinavians, it was sacred to the god Thor and held as protection against lightning. According to Roman mythology, Mercury was given a hazel rod by Apollo, which was used to calm human passions and to improve virtues. Christian pilgrims often carried hazel rods throughout their lives and willed them to be buried alongside their bodies. The forked hazel twig was often used for dowsing in the belief that it would assist in finding buried treasure. Likewise, it was used for divining water. Another name for the use of hazel in this way was "Moses's rod." When hazel wood was used to manufacture wands needed for magical practices, requirements were that they be made on holy days--Good Friday, St. John's Day, Epiphany, or Shrove Tuesday, during the evening hours. They sometimes were made on the first night of a new moon. The cutter had to face east. The wood had to be cut from the eastern side of the tree and then presented to the rays of the rising sun. The use of a "virgin branch" (a young growth with no side shoots upon it) was said to be most effective. In Germany, hazel is symbolic of immortality, since it flowers at the end of winter. In Black Forest weddings, the leader of the procession would often carry a hazel wand. In Medieval England, the hazelnut was said to symbolize fertility. In Sweden, hazelnuts were believed to make one invisible, whereas in Bohemia it was thought that they would cure fevers. In Scotland, double hazelnuts were often carried in case they had to be thrown at witches. One tradition holds that carrying a piece of hazel (cut at midnight on Halloween) in one's pocket will prevent its owner from becoming drunk, no matter how much is consumed. In Ireland, it is believed that St. Patrick used a hazel rod to drive all the snakes into the sea. Cutting a hazel rod on Good Friday, or St. John's Eve, and swishing it through the air while naming one's enemies was said to cause them pain, wherever they might be. In Prussia, a rod cut in spring, during the first summer thunderstorm, was used to make the sign of the cross. This was believed to bless all rain stored for the year ahead. Some believed that hazel would hatch a golden bough each Christmas night. The hazelnut was often seen as a symbol of a child in its mother's womb. Those years in which hazelnuts are especially prolific are held favorable for fertile marriages. In some parts of Europe, however, these same years are also said to produce prostitution. Should one find a double hazelnut, it is said that wealth or twins will soon appear.

*On Dreams/Mary Summer Rain
Hazel (color) means cheery, down-to-earth personality or attitude. Hazelnut implies common sense.

*The Language of Dreams/Patricia Telesco
Victorian: Assured devotion. Hazelnuts were predominantly used for love divination to determine if one's mate was true. Among the Celts, the nut of this tree represented wisdom, being something sweet that is buried beneath a sturdy obstacle. Psychic abilities, specifically object location. Hazel branches were favored for water witching and treasure finding.

Hickory Tree
*Nature-Speak/Ted Andrews

Keynote: Balance strength and flexibility; persistence. This is a hard and tough tree with compound leaves and often a scaly bark. It is deciduous and a nut bearing tree, and as with all nut trees, it reflects hidden wisdom and messages afoot. There are many types of hickory, and in fact, the pecan is a hickory tree. (The pecan is also related to the peach tree.) The wood of hickories is tough, heavy and resistant to impacts. It has been used to make brooms, skis and sulkies. In fact, the early years of sulky racing was somewhat dependent upon the strength of hickory, which was used in the hubs and was resistant to vibration. It is this same reason that among wood skis, skiers often favor hickory. Hickory is known as a pushing species, in that it is able to succeed other hardwoods in ecological events, generation after generation, on the same land. This means it can endure poor soil and drier situations better than other hardwoods and it can re-grow in the same area faster than other hardwoods. Because of this alone, hickory speaks to us of our persistence. Are we persisting in our efforts? Are we giving up too soon? One of the more common deciduous forests is the oak-hickory. In fact, oak-hickory forests comprise more than 1/4 of the forests east of the Mississippi River. Both trees produce nuts, which are always symbolic of seeds and potentials. The hickory speaks to us of persisting in the seeds we are planting. Strength and flexibility will usually get us through difficult times. Hickory reminds us that there is potential in our endeavors, but we must push through and persist for success. But we must also balance this. Are we just being stubborn? If we are unsure if the message is to persist or to quit being so stubborn, the hickory spirit always sends us another sign in the form of an animal. As you sit near the hickory, what animal stands out? Your message will be clarified
through it.

*On Dreams/Mary Summer Rain
Hickory emphasizes the "strength" and enduring characteristics of one's natural abilities as they are used and developed.

Holly Tree
*Nature-Speak/Ted Andrews

Keynote: Time to become the spiritual warrior; be clear about purposes. Technically, holly is a bush, but it has all the power of a tree. It is one of my favorite evergreens, providing color throughout the year with its leaves and berries. It has closely packed spiny leaves, white flowers and red berries. And as an avid birdwatcher, the berries always draw them. Even deer like the leaves in winter. Holly has often been used as decorations. A crown of holly and crown of ivy was placed on the heads of male and female newlyweds respectively. It is one of the most recognized plants associated with Christmastide. Holly has often been used as a drink or an herbal infusion. Native Americans made a drink from the leaves of a holly, called the yaupon or cassina. They believe it is a gift of the Great Spirit. It was consumed like coffee in the morning for its stimulating effect and it became known as the black tea. A stronger version was sometimes taken to cleanse the body and mind, providing energy, stamina and clear thinking. Holly was also sacred to the Druids. They kept it in their homes during the winter to provide a haven for the "little people." Its spirit and essence manifests energy of protection for them and those who treat them with respect.

Holly is powerful to use for wands, staffs and prayer sticks. It is magical and can successfully be used by anyone with little effort. It is one of my favorite plants to use for magical wishes, for protection and for connection to the Faerie Realm. Holly wil stimulate an opening of the heart so that true love can be experienced. It awakens compassion, and it assists us in understanding "misunderstood" emotions. It reminds us of the importance of proper emotional expression in our life - especially with those we love. Do we need to be more expressive of our feelings? It has the archetypal energies of love, with its ability to overcome anger and hate. This is a tree whose energies can help the individual to awaken the Christ energies within, and can open one to angelic and faerie contact with time and effort. Often considered a masculine tree, it holds the energy of the spiritual warrior, an energy that can be drawn upon in times of fighting and disruption. It activates the masculine energy of the individual in a creative manner. It is important for those who align with its energies not to scatter their own energies. Any lack of direction may create problems. And this is always part of its message when we encounter it in Nature. This is a plant whose energies need to be honed, pruned and watched in order for the highest expression of it to manifest. Once done, it can stimulate a dynamic healing capability, one that can be expressed in many avenues. The message of the holly is usually clear. It centers around issues of protection and asserting energies necessary for protection. Holly reminds us to be clear about our endeavors and to pursue them. Are we hesitant about what we are involved in? Do we need to be more assertive? Are we protecting our endeavors and our creative energies? is it time to assert new efforts in working with the spirits of the woods?

*Encyclopedia of Signs, Omens, and Superstitions/Zolar
The ancient historian Pliny held that holly was able to keep away lightning spells and evil, if planted near one's house. Should a branch be thrown at any creature, it was said to cause it to like down and obey the thrower. Holly was also believed to protect one against poison, and it was believed that its flowers would freeze water. During the ancient Roman saturnalia, holly and ivy were often used as decoration. When the birth of Christ was celebrated at midwinter by early Christians, these same traditions were maintained. The tradition of "first footing"...the first visitor arriving on New Year's Day brought bread, coal, and salt, and carried an evergreen branch, often a holly, as a token of life. The holly bough carried was required to be a male holly, for female holly would bring bad luck. Leaves of a "she" holly placed under the pillows of North Country girls and boys were said to bring them dreams of their future partners. Nine leaves had to be collected at midnight on a Friday and died with nine knots in a three-cornered handkerchief. The charm would work only if no words were spoken until the following dawn. Yet another tradition held that holly should be used in a "witch's chain" of juniper and mistletoe berries that were tied with acorns and wound around a branch. This was burned by three unmarried girls. As the last acorn went up in flames, each girl was said to see the image of her future husband. According to one belief, holly was supposedly created by Satan, who wished to mimic the laurel God had just invented. It has long been a symbol of eternity, and some think of its red berries as a symbol of the crucifixion. A young girl who picked a holly leaf and counted it's prickles, saying "girl, wife, widow, nun," did so in the belief that the last prickle, and the corresponding word, would confirm her future. Holly used in Christmas decorations should be removed on the 12th night and burned, according to one tradition. More superstitions include these: Bad luck will attend anyone who steps on a holly berry. A child can be cured of rickets by passing it through a cleft holly bush. Never take holly into a house before Christmas Eve or quarrels will attend. When the holly's branches were heavily laden with berries, it was long held to indicate a hard winter with much snow ahead. In the language of flowers, holly stands for foresight. Last, it must be mentioned that some believe Christ's cross was made of holly wood. Since it was used to crucify Christ, as punishment it was turned into a scrub. Yet another tradition holds that Christ's crown of thorns was made of holly. According to this legend, the berries were yellow, until after the crucifixion, when they were turned red from his blood.

*On Dreams/Mary Summer Rain
Holly corresponds with a "fresh" spiritual idea or concept.

*The Language of Dreams/Patricia Telesco
Heroism. In the Druidical alphabet, this bush is represented by the tau cross, often equated with the Tree God, whose strength and endurance stands for all to see. The red berries of this bush are an alternative blood emblem. Long lasting results or impressions from your efforts. Ancient people associated this plant with longevity, immortality, and the immutable soul due to its ability to stay green through the winter. If seen as planted around a home, this represents safety to all who dwell within. The well-being of a newborn child. This plant got its name from the Teutonic goddess Holle, whose dominion is protecting babies.

*The Master Book of Herbalism/Paul Beyerl
Holly was a sacred herbe of the Druids. When winter would come, they would keep Holly in their homes, and thus would all of the little people and woodland spirits have a safe refuge against the cold and snow. Holy may be sent with a gift to a friend, as the Romans did during the festival of Saturnalia. It is also an ideal herbe to fashion into a wreath, to celebrate the welcome of a new Priestess or Priest into the community.

*Nature-Speak/Ted Andrews
Keynote: The new is coming so learn from your past; adapt and endure. Honeysuckle is a shrub that many argue about its worth. it is flowering, fragrant, and long lasting. It is a vining plant and vining plants contain clear messages. Are we becoming entwined in things we shouldn't? Do we need to be entwining ourselves in something else? Are past attitudes and experiences entwined and inappropriately impacting our new activities? Honeysuckle is an adaptable and enduring plant. Some species are considered "weedy", seeding into woodlands and out-competing native plants. But some of the species are wonderfully aromatic - their fragrance filling the air through spring and summer, alerting us to the presence of the nature spirits.

The flower faeries and elves of honeysuckle are powerful. They hold much knowledge about aromatherapy, especially in overcoming the past. Contact with them often stimulates powerful dreams and they awaken greater psychic energy. They can teach how to develop charms for "glamour" so that others are more drawn to you. Honeysuckle is a shrub with energy that reminds us to learn from the past (present life or past life) so that mistakes will not be repeated. It may even manifest similar situations we experienced in the past, to enable us to deal with them more productively and to eliminate the karma of such situations. Honeysuckle blossoms are powerful. They remind us it is time to overcome the past and their fragrance and energy will assist us in doing so. They awaken the power in our lost dreams.

Honeysuckle balances the hemispheres of the brain, enabling the individual to draw upon greater power and potential. When aligned to, it creates within the aura an air of confidence that affects others within your life. It helps awaken psychic energy and the ability to become magnetic in avenues desired. Its gentle spirit encourages a strong energy of change, and it sharpens the intuition. The fragrance will open the psychic energies of those who work with it. It can bring revelations of hidden secrets, and assist the individual in developing sureness, while overcoming any tendency toward faltering. Opportunities to develop strong discriminatory abilities are awakened - especially in distinguishing the true from the false. The honeysuckle wound about a staff, which we use in meditation and magical practices, will help us follow our own beliefs safely. The tree awakens greater versatility and confidence, and its fragrance is "attracting" to those of the opposite sex. It helps the individual to balance the hemispheres of the brain for more powerful expressions of creativity. It increases understanding of non-physical realities and has ties to the Celtic goddess Cerridwen.

*The Master Book of Herbalism/Paul Beyerl
Honeysuckle is an Herbe of Immortality. No doubt it gained this reputation from its ability to grow in nearly any condition and to flourish even when severely cut back. It is most easily used by the practitioner as an oil, the commercial varieties which are pure being the best, for they have the scent. Worn as an oil, it will aid in understanding non-physical realities. It may also be added to rituals being performed to pass through the mysteries of the Caluldron of Cerridwen.

*Magical Herbalism/Scott Cunningham
As an oil of the mind, it promotes quick thinking and is often used as a memory aid by dabbing the temples. Also used in prosperity rituals.

*On Dreams/Mary Summer Rain
Honeysuckle denotes earned graces.

Joshua Tree
*Nature-Speak/Ted Andrews

Keynote: Resilience; beauty and survival through perseverance. Tradition has it that the Mormons gave this tree its name. To many, the shaggy bark and twisted branches give the appearance of an Old Testament prophet. the Joshua tree resides in the high desert environment and only in the United States. In the US, it is confined mostly in or near the Mojave Desert. It is often the pride of the high desert, an important ecological factor to the surrounding environment. This twisted and spiky tree is slow growing - only about an inch a year. They are known for their creamy white flowers, but they do not bloom every year. Joshua trees also do not branch until they have bloomed. it is actually a giant member of the lily family, in fact it is also a part of the family of plants that includes grasses and orchids. it is such a tree like plant though, that I decided to place it in this grouping. The tree has shallow roots and top-heavy branches. And since the trunk is made of small fibers, it is difficult to tell its age, unlike other trees, it does not have annual growth rings. Although it is not a strong tree, if it survives the rigors of the desert, it can survive up to a hundred years. It also produces steroid-bearing sapnin. Although it provides no shade through the high desert, it gives the environment great expression. One cannot help but be moved by it in some way. And it is a home to a wide variety of animals. Burrowing owls are frequently found near it, as are a variety of other birds. The desert night lizard rarely leaves the protection of this tree, and so it is an animal that should be studied as well. The Joshua tree is an important part of the desert ecological system and the desert landscape should be studied as well by anyone for whom the Joshua tree is a messenger. The Joshua tree reminds us that if we persevere we will not only survive, but we will grow in unique ways. Our beauty, though slow in manifesting, will express itself more with each passing year.

Libraries are on this row
INDEX Page 1
(Divination & Dreams, Guides & Spirit Helpers)
INDEX Page 2
INDEX Page 3
(Main Section, Medicine Wheel, Native Languages & Nations, Symbology)
INDEX Page 4
(Myth & Lore)
INDEX Page 5
(Sacred Feminine & Masculine, Stones & Minerals)
INDEX Page 6
(Spiritual Development)
INDEX Page 7
(Totem Animals)
INDEX Page 8
(Tools & Crafts. Copyrights)

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